MTB forks – how do they work?

Tìm hiểu về phuộc xe đạp MTB-1

For a mountain bike MTB fork considered a very interesting component and can be said to be of value to off-road bikes. In this article, we’ll talk about the basic components and adjustments that are available to you so that you can get a better overview of the correct setup before going to deliver the best performance.

1. Learn about the fork of the MTB

  • Fork in front of mountain bike or also known as Fork

Installed in the front position of the vehicle to prevent and absorb impacts in front of the vehicle. There are many choices and brands available in general and it is quite easy to choose forks with travel and lengths that match the size of the bicycle wheel. Thanks to the front fork, the impulses from the terrain can hardly affect your steering wheel. Thanks to that, it reduces pain and fatigue much more when traveling on trails and mountain roads. Urban-city off-road bikes often have a single fork in front.

Find out about the MTB-1 bicycle fork
The front fork of the bicycle MTB
  • Mountain bike rear suspension also known as Shocks?

This is called the integration of the bicycle frame with the rear shock absorber. Dimensions, lengths are designed and built specially for different frames. In some cases the forks are manufactured exclusively by car and it is more difficult to change to other forks.

Find out about the MTB-2 bicycle fork
MTB bicycle rear fork

>> See more: Distinguish all kinds of off-road bicycle suspension

2. Types of mountain bike forks

For a mountain bike’s suspension system, the front and rear forks have two main functions: absorbing and damping. The cruise suspension provides damping resistance to provide control. There are 2 types of fork springs that are air and metal coil.

Learn about the MTB-3 bicycle fork
MTB gas suspension

Air forks are increasingly popular on mountain bikes. With the advantage of air springs that are lightweight and flexible. With just one air pump and a fork you can adjust the air exactly like what you’re looking for on your trip. One major downside is that it offers quite sensitive cabling and coil spring performance. Recent technology is closing this gap.

Learn about the MTB-4 bicycle fork
Mountain bike springs

It’s a metal coil with the same mechanism that allows you to always spread within jumping distances. They are usually made of steel but can also be made from titanium. The weight of the spring forks can also be heavier than the gas forks, but they have a more adjustable range than they can provide a sensitive wear feel you can consider and compare when using these two forks.

3. Perform deceleration compression

This is where the suspension system is on mountain bikes. You will hear a lot of people talking about how to use compression dampers to “reinforce” their pauses and while it’s a great way to describe how your pause might feel, in terms of technique is not correct.

The total resistance is still provided of the forks but the damping compression causes the forks to be compressed there.If you put a weight on the saddle the quantity will be compressed equally, no matter what is being Use settings but it takes time to change. Especially on the trail, this means the damping settings will control your travel level in any particular situation and make the fork softer or stiffer than usual without adjustment. spring rate.

4. Low compression speed and high compression speed

Most mountain bike forks are tuned to reduce humidity allowing you to adjust low compression rates, but using presets will result in high compression speeds. Some value pricing systems will be completed in advance at the factory. Examples of low-speed compression damping adjustments are Climb, Trail, Descend (Fox CTD) and Open, Pedal, Lock (RockShox RC3). If the high speed setting is not specifically called, your shock is only adjusted for low compression speed.

Learn about the MTB-6 bicycle fork
Low speed compression fork

With low speed compression we are referring to the compression speed of the crankshaft. In general, reducing compression at low speeds is how a mountain bike suspension reacts to pedal. The weight of the driver’s input, angle, brake and anything else can cause the compression at a relatively slow speed.

Learn about the MTB-7 bicycle fork
High-speed compressed mountain bike suspension

What you should expect when compressing at high speeds is when traveling on a trail location. This also tends to be pre-set premium features or without lower end models.

5. Bottom control

This feature can be part of a spring unit or part of a compression shock absorber. Increasing spring speed also means an increase in non-linear resistance. The resistance increases as it goes deep providing natural bottom resistance (Imagine an increase in resistance when you pump a tire. This can be highlighted by reducing the air volume, which can be adjusted. on some high-end forks.

High compression speeds are sometimes used as top-down controls, and some forks even have special compression reduction properties for bottom-up tuning and control.

With a mountain bike, the shock will shock the vvaf high compression when climbing down here and on top of that a ride would get a bit of a harsh feel. It might even go unnoticed and bottom-up control could be a big part of that.

Finally with a suspension system, some bottom controls can be attached to the bike. Some just designed mountain bike suspensions can adjust their leverage ratio during the ride. Don’t worry about this too much as its integration into the frame design and not adjustable.

6.Recover the shock system

Learn about the MTB-8 bicycle fork
Bicycle shock system reenactment

Almost all suspension systems on mountain bikes have the ability to drop back. This type of suspension can control the speed at which the suspension returns to its full length after compression. Most front and rear mountain bikes will have a correction for the rebound, however some will have both high and low acceleration circuits like compression dampers and this refers to agility. the fork’s quick in returning to its full length.

Damper-sensitive placement is also a feature in the higher end model that allows the system to return more slowly to the bottom or near the bottom so you won’t get bounce off on the steering wheel after landing. hard.

Above is useful information for you, if you are human playing MTB bikes then at least take the time to dig deeper. The above knowledge will be able to help you equip and experience the best. If you are quite confused about these knowledge, please refer to longtime MTB players to have more valuable experiences. while riding.

Reference from the sports bike magazine

>> Maybe you are interested: Bike with 1 fork or 2 forks – Which one is for you?

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