Part 1 – Cycling techniques – Mountain biking posture

Part 1 - Cycling techniques - Mountain biking posture

Bicycle Mountain bike requires you to have a lot of health and endurance, not only that, how to allocate strength to each segment properly, how to reduce the air resistance to optimal, maintain the center of gravity. …

Here are some shares of BEN HEWITT in the book Training Techniques For Cyclists published in 2005:

1.Bank frame

Having to get off (sometimes unwanted) is an indispensable part of riding off-road. Therefore, there should be quite a large distance between the body and the upper tube of the chassis. The ideal chassis size is approximately 4 inches smaller than your road size. So Choosing frame according to height how ?

Part 1 - Cycling Techniques - Mountain Biking Posture-1
Mountain bike frames are usually bigger, compact and more aggressive than Road bikes

This is not so necessary if you are only cycling on sidewalks or dirt but flat roads, and a larger frame is not more convenient than a small rib with enough saddle height and reach. handle bar. Small frames are lighter, firmer, and easier to manipulate skills. Since manufacturers offer rib parameters in different types, a rigorous test must be used. When riding in a car with shoes on, the space between the crotch and the upper leg should be at least 4 inches (10.16cm) apart.

2.Your height

The length of the saddle is normally 350cm, so the saddle can be exposed to the frame very long before the maximum line (acid etched on the pile) appears. For efficient cycling your knee should be a bit slack at the end of the cycle (similar to a road bike). However, you may also want to lower the saddle a bit when traveling on rough pavement, so that you can jump up and float underneath without being sharpened into your crotch. On gentle downhill stages, some athletes even lower their saddle to lower body weight down and back, but there are some people just slide their buttocks back.
Saddle slope: Most crabs prefer to have the saddle, but some people (including many women) find the downward slope free of pressure and free from irritation. One and the other put the saddle up to make it easier for them to sit back behind and less burden on the arm.

3.The back position of the saddle

This variation was not used to adjust the reach to the rotor – since the tank had different long and short types. This section has the same tuning process as for road vehicles.


There are many different types of mountain vans (from 60 to 150mm) and the angle of elevation is also abundant (from -5 to +25 degrees). For good steering control, the stem should be 1 to 2 inches (2.54cm to 5.08cm) below the top of the top seat. This position puts weight on the front wheel for easy maneuvering uphill and the wheel makes it difficult to leave the ground. The length of the stem allows for adjustment so that the arms are slightly bent and the back straight. The long and low stem are for high-speed cycling, while the short and high stubs are easy to maneuver on difficult trails. If you want to ride your bike in an upright position, think about the handlebars that have a higher angle, upwards to 1.5 inches (3m81cm) higher.

5.Raw-handle width

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The right handlebar width makes it easier for the rider to control

Typically the width from one end to the other is 21 to 24 inches (53.34 to 60.96cm). If the handlebar is too wide, a metal saw or tube cutter can be used to cut it short. But first try to move your gloves and fists in and then pedal around to make sure to what width you want to cut. Make a deduction for the bar end end bar if you use this type. In general, the shorter the handlebar, the easier it is to drive in fast speed. Wide handlebar for slow speed control.

6.The winding handle of the handlebar

Flat handlebar can be straight or curved back 11 degrees on each side. People choose this for the comfort of their arms and wrists. Be aware that changing the handlebar curvature also changes the reach of the handlebar and another length increase stem may be required. There is also an upward curved handlebar. These types are accompanied by a lower stem position.

7 bar end (buffalo horn)

This type acts as a lever when climbing ramps and provides a longer and lower sitting position on flat tracks or sidewalks. Install the end bar slightly upwards. Curved inward models protect hands and prevent them from getting caught in cramped trails. If you are thinking about attaching the bar end to the car, you must see if your handlebar can be attached. Some super-light handlebars do not mount.

8 Roll length (plate)

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The length of the disc detector also greatly affects the kinetic force

Manufacturers always change this standard with the size of the frame. To have a greater leverage effect on steep ramps, mountain bikes typically travel with forks that are 5mm longer than road bikes of the same torque measurement.

9. Armrest

The slightly bent arm will have the effect of absorbing physical shock. If you reach the handlebar and your elbows are straight, you should change the stem shorter, otherwise, lean forward by turning your hips.


If the top tube and stem are okay, lean forward about 45 degrees on normal pedal rides. This is an effective angle because strong butt muscles don’t contribute much to cycling when you’re sitting too upright. In addition, sitting leaning forward will transfer some of the weight to your arms, and your buttocks won’t hurt.

11. Upper body

Do not bend your shoulders, you will avoid pain and muscle fatigue. Tilt your head every few minutes to avoid neck stiffness.
Hands and wrists: Grip the handlebar just tight enough to control. The brake handle should be mounted near the handlebar, the angle of the brake arm should be installed so that you can spread a finger or two to the brake handle and still grasp the handlebar easily. Straighten your wrists when standing up from the saddle and when braking, at downhill. Always cycle with two thumbs under the handlebar to prevent your hand from slipping off the handlebar.

If you are planning to conquer the terrain with a mountain bike, you still have a lot of ambiguity about the bike you intend to stick with during the trip. Please consult with top experts immediately to get more knowledge choose to buy the right sports bike and more professional use.

Source: Bicycle Domain

Excerpt: Training Techniques For Cyclists By BEN HEWITT – RODALE Publishing, 2005

Next part: Cycling long posture [/themepacific_box]

Source content: Part 1 – Cycling techniques – Mountain biking posture

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